Health Impact Assessment
What is a Health Impact Assessment?
Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is a practice that aims to protect and promote health and to reduce inequities in health during a decision-making process (Bhatia, et al., 2014). It is a step by step process that explores the possible positive and negative health effects of a proposed plan, project, program, or policy.
Why Conduct an HIA?
This process evaluates both the obvious and not so obvious effects of the proposed plan and makes recommendations for improvements. HIAs are guided by the principles of equity and the wider determinants of health.
Completed Health Impact Assessments
Evaluated the health impacts of constructing a community park, establishing a community garden and improving community walkability in the University Area. These community assets would provide safe places for children and other residents to play outdoors, increase residents’ access to fresh food and services, thus improving the overall health of our community.
Evaluated the health effects of constructing a complete street connecting two
Evaluated the health effects of a policy that would permit local businesses to provide outdoor exercise classes in public parks at no cost to the community. This would potentially increase the use of local parks and provide physical activity opportunities for adults, thus improving the overall well-being of the community.